Facts about cheese

On the origin of cheese , there are many legends. The most common and plausible of them - a legend and an Arabian merchant Canaanite, who lived four thousand years ago. Once serene morning, he went on a long journey , taking with him food and milk. The day was sultry, and after some time a merchant exhausted . He stopped to quench their thirst, but instead of milk began to flow from the vessel watery liquid . On the same day showed a dense white clot. Kapan tried it and was pleased with the taste. Being a man of simple and unsophisticated , the merchant has shared his discovery with neighbors. Soon the secret of making cheese became known to many nomadic tribes. Since the cheese came from Arabia to Europe.
 
The ancient Greeks had their own explanation of the origin of cheese , more like a beautiful fairy tale . They believed that people learned to make cheese Artemis , goddess of the hunt and the patron of animals. And even the gods themselves regaled cheese feasts washed down with wine. Not surprisingly, some of the religious cults of antiquity were associated with cheese. The inhabitants of Crete , for example, were sacrificed to the gods of the special flat cheeses . And the priests of Athens strictly forbidden to try this product. Cheese has been known and Assyrians . The greatness of his queen Semiramis are explained by the fact that the birds are stealing cheese for her at the Shepherds .
 
The most ancient in the world of prescription 2,000 years. It belongs to the Persians . It says that the cheese must be prepared from the milk of " sheep or cows , kiln dried in the sun and flavored with fragrant roots ." One of the old English recipes contained in the cookbook cook court of King Richard II.
 
On the territory of the Soviet Union in the field of ancient settlements, especially near the village of Tripoli in the Ukraine , which existed for 2-3 thousand years BC , found clay jugs of milk. There will be a mistake to assume that our ancestors knew how to prepare from milk like cheese in its simplest form . Since time immemorial, known cheese in Armenia, which is confirmed by the book " Anabasis " The real start of the ancient Greek historian cheese making industry in Russia is considered to be 1886 , when the Imperial Free Economic Society founded the cheese factory in the village of Otrokovichi Tver province . Tucked it N.V.Vereschagin . Prior to that, he worked eight months at the cheese factory under a master, without receiving money and, on the contrary , paying for tuition fabulous sum in those days . Then I went to Switzerland - to improve. Back in Russia , and having a cheese factory , he began to prepare the Russian masters - cheese-makers and promote cheesemaking in Russia .
 
Many love cheese - this nutritious and healthy product , has a huge lot of different varieties. But not everyone knows interesting facts about cheese , we want to tell you today :
Fact 1

According to scientists , the first appearance of cheese refers to the 3000-2800 gg BC , as it was found in the Egyptian pyramids that were built in that period of time. This product is also mentioned in the "Odyssey " by Homer . The ancient Romans and Greeks actively traded cheese.
Fact 2

The establishment of the first commercial production of cheese belongs to the Dutch, who in XIV- th century began to make hard cheese varieties .

Fact 3

The production of one kilogram of cheese requires 10 liters of cow 's or goat's milk. In some countries, cheese is prepared from a totally unexpected products such as, for example , sour cream , pea, soybean, cow or pig liver sugar and even with ice.

Fact 4

Cheese produced in the Caucasus, characterized by rich smell. In these parts it is considered an aphrodisiac , is therefore one of the main products for the wedding table.

Fact 5

People who are fond of collecting cheese labels, called tirosemiofilistami.

Fact 6

In the UK each year spend Skating Championships cheese.

Fact 7

Britain's Queen Victoria (1837-1901 years) received as a wedding gift drive enormous size of Cheddar cheese weighing more than half a ton .

Fact 8

The belief is that the cheese is a favorite food of mice - this is a misconception that is imposed on society by various cartoons (like " Tom and Jerry " ) . Actually rodents like products with a strong smell (which relates cheese ) , preferring grains and fruits.

Fact 9

According to legend , who left the worldly cares and retired to the desert Zarathustra over a 20- year-old ate almost nothing but cheese.

Fact 10

The holes in some varieties of cheese are the result of the movement of bacteria that cause gas. These bubbles of gas specialists call the "eyes" .

Fact 11

Some varieties of cheese color . Cheddar cheese , for example, more than two hundred years old stained annatto seeds ( Bixa Orellana ) . To color the cheaper varieties of cheese used calendula petals or carrot juice.

Fact 12

It is said that the creation of " Fluid clock" Salvador Dali was inspired by Camembert (soft kind of cheese ) . After eating cheese , artist, sitting in front of an unfinished painting , thinking about the taste of the cheese . Then came to him the image of " rasteksheysya time".

Fact 13

And to significant dates in many countries were made giant head cheese. For example, in 1939 the Altai to the discovery of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition was made head of Swiss cheese weighing 293 pounds. A little earlier, in the late XIX century , cheesemakers of Peter (Canada ) produced for the World Fair in Chicago giant cheese with a diameter of 10 meters and a weight of 10 tons. It was spent 100,000 liters of milk. Perth residents have built cheese giant monument.

The biggest head cheese was created by American cheesemakers . She weighed more than 18 tons ( 10,000 pounds ), and head diameter greater than 9.5 meters. It happened on a significant event in a special exhibition in the city of Chicago. 

Fact 14

Gourmet cheese Casa Martz (Casu Marzu) - it's cheese , teeming maggots . It is prepared from the pecorino cheese . Prior to the total decay product is brought cheese fly larvae , which are not removed when the dish is served to the table. The larvae are small - vosmimillimetrovyh - worms. Its vibrant digestive activity worms accelerate the collapse of fat contained in the cheese and make the product extremely soft, while it stands out from the liquid , called lagrima ( from the Sardinian word "tears ").

The piquancy of eating this cheese is that the larvae quite nimble and do not like to bother them . Infuriated, they jump up to a distance of 15 cm is therefore necessary to protect the eyes. But it is better to take care of yourself as a whole. Because getting into the stomach , the larvae do not die ( gastric juice does not always kill them ), and settled for a while in the intestine. During this time, a gourmet serious complications can occur : There was a feeling of nausea , vomiting , abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea . If you eat this delicacy with the already dead maggots , that is, the risk of death by poisoning ptomaine . However , despite all this , the cheese is still produced in Italy and costs a lot of Dene.

Fact 15

Why cream cheese gave the name "Philadelphia ", although invented it in another place ?

Although the first mention of the cream cheese relate to England and France, ages 17-18 , similar to the modern product was first obtained in 1872 by William Lawrence , a resident of the town of Chester in the state of Ny City. Despite the origin of the inventor, in 1880, this cheese was given the name "Philadelphia" , as this city at that time was regarded as the place where they produce products of the highest quality .

Fact 16

Zachem the Soviet cheese placed plastic figures?

In the Soviet cheese you could find the numbers of food grade plastic , which a collector many children . Depressed figures in the factory marked the date of manufacture, number of cooking and other information. Today, this information is often placed on a package.

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